Check out these dams in India sorted by largest/biggest/longest/highest you must visit once in your life. Around 4,300 dams have already been constructed, half of which are more than twenty years old and many new ones are still under construction. Therefore it is no wonder that India’s dams have become big tourist attractions considering their strong structure and under flowing natural beauty.
So wanna know which are the most majestic ones of the growing lot! Here’s a list down of the largest, biggest, longest & highest dams in India :
Sardar Sarovar Dam – Gujarat also known as the ‘Narmada Dam’ because of being built over the Narmada River, it is the largest dam to have been built under the ‘Narmada Valley Project’. It has power facilities of up to 200 MW and provides relief to drought prone areas of Kutch and Saurashtra.
–> Height: 163 meters
–> Length:1,210 meters
–> Type: Gravity Dam
–> Reservoir Capacity: 7,701,775 acre·ft
–> River: Narmada River
–> Location: Gujarat
–> Installed capacity: 1,450 MW
It is a gravity dam with a height of 163 metres. The dam benefits 4 major states of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh.
Nagarjuna Sagar Dam – Hyderabad is not just India’s but world’s largest masonry dam! Built over Krishna River, it is 1.6 kms long and 124 metres high, thus being symbolic of India’s architectural and technological triumph over nature.
Nagarjuna Sagar Overview
–> Height: 124 meters
–> Length:1,450 meters
–> Type: Masonry Dam
–> Reservoir Capacity: 9,371,845 acre·ft
–> River: Krishna River
–> Location: Andhra Pradesh
–> Installed capacity: 816 MW
Nagarjuna Sagar is the ‘pride of India’ being the largest ‘man- made lake’ in the world. It has 26 gates to itself.
Bhakra Dam – Himachal Pradesh is a gravity dam across the Sutlej River and features prominently in top of the lalargest dams in India. Its reservoir is known as the ‘Gobind Sagar Lake’ and is the 2nd largest in India.
Bhakra Dam Overview
–> Height: 226 meters
–> Length: 520 meters
–> Type: Concrete gravity
–> Reservoir Capacity: 7,501,775 acre·ft
–> River: Sutlej River
–> Location: Punjab and Himachal Pradesh
–> Installed capacity: 1325 MW
Bhakra Dam has a height of 226 metres and is also the 2nd largest dam of Asia.
Hirakud Dam – Odisha was one of the major river valley project taken up in India after its independence. It is built on the Mahanadi River and has 2 observation towers atop it, namely ‘Gandhi Minar’ and ‘Nehru Minar’.
Hirakud Dam Overview
–> Height: 60.96 meters
–> Length: 25.8 km
–> Type: Composite Dam
–> Reservoir Capacity: 4,779,965 acre·ft
–> River: Mahanadi River
–> Location: Orissa
–> Installed capacity: 307.5 MW
Hirakud Dam is one of the longest dams in the world with a length of 25.8 km. Its reservoir is also around 55 km long!
Tehri Dam – Uttrakhand is the 8th tallest dam in the world and is built over the Bhagirathi River. Though two of its phases are still under construction, still it is one of the big attractions for tourists from all over the world since the time it was built in 2006.
Tehri Dam Overview
–> Height: 260 meters
–> Length: 575 meters
–> Type: Earth and rock-fill
–> Reservoir Capacity: 2,100,000 acre·ft
–> River: Bhagirathi River
–> Location: Uttarakhand
–> Installed capacity: 1,000 MW
With a height of 261 metres, Tehri Dam is the highest dam in India. Used primarily for irrigation and generation of 1,000 MW of hydroelectricity.
Lakhwar Dam – Uttarakhand is an under- construction dam being built on the Yamuna River.
Idukki Arch Dam- Kerela Situated over the Periyar River, it is used for hydroelectric power generation purposes only.
Pakal Dul Dam- Jammu & Kashmir is another U/C dam coming up over the Marusudar River in J&K state of India.
These are some of the biggest dams in India one must pay a visit at least once during their lifetime to see how beautifully man’s architecture and nature’s power combine.
Written by – Kritvi Paliwal